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For The Gents: Real Factors That Can Lead to Low Sperm Count

05 Jan

Low Sperm count (oligospermia) is a
leading cause of infertility or subfertility
issues among men. While it requires only
one SPerm to fertilise the ovum, the odds
of conception are such that it takes
millions of SPerm per millilitre of semen
to actually achieve the goal of
fertilisation. A “normal” SPerm count is
about 20 million or more per millilitre of
semen. Over 60 per cent of the SPerm in
each sample should exhibit normal
morphology and indicate typical motility –
the forward-swimming movement.
Oligospermia – or low SPerm count is
indicated in simple tests that reveal the
concentration of SPerm in a given sample
quantity. In general, scientists and
fertility doctors are noticing a drop in
SPerm count and motility, which makes it
harder for couples to make babies. Other
factors attributed to this include the
following:
Drug use Anabolic steroids taken to
stimulate muscle strength and growth can
cause the testicles to shrink and SPerm
production to decrease. Use of cocaine or
marijuana might reduce the number and
quality of your SPerm as well. Drinking
alcohol can lower testosterone levels and
cause decreased SPerm production.
Occupation Certain occupations might be
linked to a risk of infertility, including
welding or those associated with
prolonged sitting, such as truck driving.
However, the data to support these
associations are inconsistent.
Poor lifestyle Men who smoke might
have a lower SPerm count than those who
don’t smoke. Obesity can impair fertility
in several ways, including directly
impacting SPerm and by causing hormone
changes.
Plastics Bisphenol, BPA, a substance in
plastics found in many household
products, can lower SPerm count and
motility. A 2008 study in the journal
Fertility and Sterility, showed that men
with high concentrations of BPA in their
urine also had low SPerm counts. Food
packaging is a major source of BPA which
can seep into foods.
Pesticides Scientists have also noted that
farmers are exposed to pesticides that
tend to lower their SPerm count. The
chemicals runoff gets into tap water and
can disrupt hormonal processes.
Tumours Cancers and non-malignant
tumours can affect the male reproductive
organs directly. Surgery, radiation or
chemotherapy used to treat tumours can
also affect male fertility.
Undescended testicles During foetal
development, one or both testicles
sometimes fail to descend from the
abdomen into the sac that normally
contains them (scrotum). Chromosome
defects Inherited disorders such as
Klinefelter’s syndrome — in which a male
is born with two X chromosomes and one
Y chromosome instead of one X and one Y
— cause abnormal development of the
male reproductive organs. Other genetic
syndromes associated with infertility
include cystic fibrosis, Kallmann’s
syndrome and Kartagener’s syndrome.
Celiac disease A digestive disorder
caused by sensitivity to gluten, celiac
disease can also cause male infertility.
Fertility may improve after adopting a
gluten-free diet.
Certain medications Testosterone
replacement therapy, long-term anabolic
steroid use, cancer medications
(chemotherapy), certain antifungal and
antibiotic medications, some ulcer
medications and other medications can
impair SPerm production and decrease
male fertility.
Prior surgeries Certain surgeries such as
vasectomy, inguinal hernia repairs, scrotal
or testicular surgeries, prostate surgeries,
and large abdominal surgeries performed
for testicular and rectal cancers might
prevent you from having SPerm in your
ejaculate. In most cases, surgery can be
performed to either reverse these
blockages or to retrieve SPerm directly
from the epididymis and testicles.
Environmental causes SPerm production
or function can be affected by
overexposure to certain environmental
elements, including:
Industrial chemicals: Extended
exposure to benzenes, toluene, xylene,
herbicides, pesticides, organic solvents,
painting materials and lead might
contribute to low SPerm count.
Radiation or X-rays: Exposure to
radiation can reduce SPerm production. It
can take several years for SPerm
production to return to normal. With high
doses of radiation, SPerm production can
be permanently reduced. It is being
reported that keeping mobile phones in
the pocket near the upper thigh is
extremely dangerous to SPerm cell
production and morphology.
Overheating the testicles: Elevated
temperatures impair S*-Perm production
and function. Although studies are limited
and are inconclusive, frequent use of
saunas or hot tubs might temporarily
impair SPerm count. Sitting for long
periods, wearing tight clothing or working
on a laptop computer for long stretches
of time also might increase the
temperature in your scrotum and slightly
reduce SPerm production.

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Posted by on January 5, 2016 in Uncategorized

 

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