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Lassa Fever Prevention Tips

13 Jan

Lassa fever is a disease from the
infectious agent, Lassa virus. This fever
is endemic in certain country such as
Sierra Leone, Liberia, Guinea and also
Nigeria. Congo, Mali and Senegal
reported to have serological human
infection as well.
How the virus spread?
In West Africa, the reservoir for the
virus is the wild rodents. Wild rodents,
including the mouse is carrying the virus
if the rodent is infected. The urine,
stool, blood, saliva and the mucus of the
infected rodent is full of viruses. Human
can get the virus if accidently touched,
consumed, and any sort of direct
contact of the infected rodent excreta
as listed above. Virus spread from
human to human also possible by sexual
contact, air droplets, and direct contact
with pharyngeal secretions or urine of
the infected person.
The Symptoms
You should seek your doctor
immediately if you are experiencing
these symptoms, especially when there
is an outbreak of Lassa fever in your
place:
-malaise
-fever
-headache
-myalgia
-sore throat,
-cough
-nausea
-vomiting
-diarrhoea
-chest pain
-abdominal pain
You may get these symptoms after 6 to
21 days of exposure to the Lassa virus.
How serious is this disease?
This is an acute viral disease. It is also
spreading faster if there is no proper
preventive action to be taken. If you
have a low immunity and you have
another illness, this Lassa fever will
make your health condition even worst.
You will have the risk of a severe
multisystem disease.
This is a very dangerous disease for the
pregnant women because they have the
lowest immunity at this stage. The
chance to have fatal loss is about 80%.
Without an early check up or
identification, a person who suffer by
this disease will get a lot of health
problems such as hypotension,
haemorrhage, seizures and edema of
the face. People can die if the infection
is severe and did not receive the proper
treatment on time. This is a disease that
susceptible to all ages. Unfortunately,
there is no vaccine for this disease at
this moment.
Prevention That You Can Do At Home
Prevention is better than cure. It is
highly recommended for every people
to know how important to have the
knowledge to prevent any diseases from
striking the family, friends and relatives.
Lassa fever is a viral illness that spread
by wild rodents or any infected rodent.
The main steps that you have to take
are:
1) Clean your house inside and out:
Rodents will come to your house for
food and water. If your house have
improper food waste disposal or you
don’t covered your garbage bin
correctly, the mouse or any rodents will
be the pest around your house and
spreading the virus at the same time.
Clean your house every day inside and
out to avoid any traces of infected
rodents. Burn the garbage if you can or
disposed it in the correct and safe
procedure. Never let any food waste
scatter around the house because it can
attract the rodents. Make sure your
house is always clean and clutter free to
ensure you are not providing the
rodents the food and place to live in
your house.
2) Never clean the rodents dropping
or stool, urine or dead body with
bare hands:
While you are cleaning, you might found
this around your house. For your safety
and to avoid the virus transmission, you
have to always wear personal protection
equipment while you are cleaning your
house from rodents dropping, urine,
secretions and the decaying dead body
of the animal. Wear a plastic hand glove
and top it with a latex glove for extra
protection while you are cleaning your
house. Wear a single use plastic apron
to protect your clothes and body. Wear
a high knee boot to protect your feet
from stepping on the infected dead
body of the animal and its body
secretion. Use the antibacterial
detergent or antibacterial soap to clean
your house floor and surfaces.
3) Personal Hygiene:
Never touch your kids or family at home
before you clean your hands and change
your clothes after cleaning your house
or you just back from work outside.
Never recycle your plastic hand gloves
and single use apron after cleaning the
house with it. Dispose it safely in a
plastic bag or burn it. Ask your children
to take their bath after back from
school. Never touch a baby or a
pregnant woman if you are not cleaning
your hands or take a bath with soap
after back from work or cleaning the
house area. Make sure you wash your
hand with soap and water before eating
as well.

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Posted by on January 13, 2016 in Uncategorized

 

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