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How Can A Person Protect Himself From Fitnah (trials, Temptation)

02 Dec

The soundness of a person’s religious
commitment in this world means
happiness and triumph in the hereafter.
The capital of the Muslim is his religious
commitment, so whoever neglects it
and exposes it to trials and temptations
is doomed to failure, whereas the one
who preserves it and takes care to
strengthen it will prosper and succeed.
Therefore one of the supplications of
the Prophet (blessings and peace of
Allah be upon him) was: “O Allah, set
right for me my religious commitment,
which is the safeguard of my affairs. Set
right for me my worldly affairs in which
is my living. Set right for me my
Hereafter in which will be my final
abode. Make this life a means of
increase in all that is good, and make
death a relief for me from all evil.”
Narrated by Muslim (2720).
Al-Mannaawi (may Allah have mercy on
him) said:
“O Allah, set right for me my religious
commitment, which is the safeguard of
my affairs” means: it is what protects all
my affairs, for if a person’s religious
commitment is spoiled, all his affairs will
be spoiled and he will be doomed to
failure in this world and the hereafter.
Fayd al-Qadeer (2/173)
Secondly:
The Muslim – with the help of Allah –
can protect his religious commitment
from trials and temptations, by
following the path of the believers with
regard to what they were enjoined to
adhere to. That includes the following:
1. Keeping away from any
environment that will corrupt one’s
religious commitment and morals.
So he should avoid living in the lands of
kufr, and avoid mixing with the
evildoers. Whoever keeps away from
anything that may lead to corruption
will protect his religious commitment
from being lost, by Allah’s leave. It is
almost certain that living in
environments of kufr and mixing with
disbelievers will have an impact on the
Muslim who dwells among them. We
have seen and heard shocking stories of
those who drifted away and sold their
religious commitment for some fleeting
worldly gain. That was because of being
so dazzled and impressed by the
environment of kufr and the
disbelievers, and because of hearts
becoming spiritually dead as a result of
living among them or mixing with them.
The same may be said with regard to
keeping away from any involvement in
the battles between Muslims over
controversial issues, especially when
arguing about those differences leads to
boycotting one another, turning their
backs on one another and fighting.
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may
Allah have mercy on him) said: Whoever
examines the stories of turmoil and
arguments that take place among
Muslims will realise that no Muslim ever
got involved in that and was happy with
the consequences of his involvement,
because of what may happen to him of
harm affecting his religious commitment
and his worldly interests. Therefore it is
something to be forbidden, and
refraining from it is something to be
enjoined, concerning which Allah says
(interpretation of the meaning):
“And let those who oppose the
Messenger’s (Muhammad (blessings and
peace of Allah be upon him))
commandment (i.e. his Sunnah— legal
ways, orders, acts of worship,
statements) (among the sects) beware,
lest some Fitnah (disbelief, trials,
afflictions, earthquakes, killing,
overpowered by a tyrant) should befall
them or a painful torment be inflicted
on them”
[an-Noor 24:63].
Minhaaj as-Sunnah an-Nabawiyyah
(4/410)
2. Another thing that may help the
Muslim to protect his religious
commitment is strengthening his faith,
by doing obligatory acts of obedience
and refraining from that which is
forbidden and prohibited.
One of the greatest obligatory acts of
obedience is prayer, so the Muslim
should pray regularly and on time,
fulfilling all the necessary conditions and
doing all the obligatory parts of prayer,
with proper humility and focus. Allah,
may He be exalted, says (interpretation
of the meaning):
“and perform As-Salât (Iqamât-as-
Salât). Verily, As-Salât (the prayer)
prevents from Al-Fahshâ’ (i.e. great sins
of every kind, unlawful sexual
intercourse) and Al-Munkar (i.e.
disbelief, polytheism, and every kind of
evil wicked deed)”
[al-‘Ankaboot 29:45].
The Prophet (blessings and peace of
Allah be upon him) enjoined doing all
kinds of acts of obedience and worship
in order to be saved from trials and
temptations with regard to one’s
religious commitment, and he warned
against worldly temptations such as
wealth, women and status, lest they be
the cause of selling one’s religious
commitment for their sake. He stated
that a man may be a Muslim during the
night then end up apostatising during
the day, or he may be a Muslim during
the day then end up apostatising during
the night!
It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah that
the Messenger of Allah (blessings and
peace of Allah be upon him) said:
“Hasten to do good deeds before there
emerges fitnah like a piece of black
night, when a man will be a believer in
the morning and a disbeliever in the
evening, or he will be a believer in the
evening and a disbeliever in the
morning, and he will sell his religion for
worldly gain.”
Narrated by Muslim (118).
Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih
al-‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy
on him) said:
The point is that the Messenger
(blessings and peace of Allah be upon
him) warned us against these trials that
would be like a piece of black night, in
which a person would be a believer in
the morning and a disbeliever in the
evening – Allah forbid; in a single day he
would apostatise from Islam and exit
the faith, he would be a believer in the
morning and a disbeliever in the
evening – we ask Allah to keep us safe
and sound – and why would that be so?
Because he would sell his religious
commitment for worldly gain. Do not
think that what is meant by worldly gain
is merely wealth, for every worldly
pleasure is worldly gain, whether it is
wealth, status, leadership, women, or
anything else. Every worldly pleasure
comes under the heading of worldly
gain.
These people who will be believers in
the morning and disbelievers in the
evening, or will be believers in the
evening and become disbelievers in the
morning – all of them will sell their
religious commitment for some worldly
gain.
We ask Allah to protect us and you from
trials and temptations. You should
constantly seek refuge with Allah from
trials and temptations.
Sharh Riyadh as-Saaliheen (2/20)
3. Supplication (du‘aa’).
Our Lord, may He be exalted, has
guided us, and our Prophet (blessings
and peace of Allah be upon him) has
taught us concise supplications that are
of benefit to the one who wants to
protect his religious commitment from
trials and temptations. These
supplications include:
The phrase “ihdina as-siraat al-
mustaqeem (Guide us to the Straight
Path)” in every rak‘ah; and the
supplication: “Allaahumma ihdini
feeman hadayta wa ‘aafini feeman
‘aafayta wa tawallani feeman tawallayta
wa baarik li feema a’tayta, wa qini
sharra ma qadayta … (O Allah, guide me
among those whom You have guided,
pardon me among those whom You
have pardoned, turn to me in friendship
among those on whom You have turned
in friendship, and bless me in what You
have bestowed, and save me from the
evil of what You have
decreed…).” Narrated and classed as
hasan by at-Tirmidhi (464); also
narrated by Abu Dawood (1425). This is
what the Muslim says in Qunoot al-Witr
and in many other situations, because it
includes seeking the help of Allah, may
He be exalted, to guide the worshipper
to the path of Islam and the straight
path, and to make him steadfast in
adhering to that, and to show him the
best and shortest way of attaining His
pleasure.
4. Keeping away from bad company
It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah that
the Prophet (blessings and peace of
Allah be upon him) said: “A man will
follow the way of his close friend, so let
one of you look at who he takes as a
close friend.”
Narrated by Abu Dawood (4833) and at-
Tirmidhi (2378), who classed it as
hasan.
Do not take anyone as a close friend
except one who is pleasing in terms of
his religious commitment and honesty,
for if you take him as a close friend, he
will lead you to his religion and his way.
So do not take risks with regard to your
religious commitment or gamble with
your soul by taking as a close friend
someone who is not pleasing in terms
of his religious commitment and his
way.
Al-‘Izlah, (p. 141)
5. Learn Islamic knowledge and
consult trustworthy scholars
One of the greatest means by which a
Muslim may ward off trials and
confusion with regard to his religious
commitment is Islamic knowledge.
Therefore the ignorant person is more
prone to drifting away from the right
path of Islam. Look at those who
circumambulate graves, or believe that
the dead have the power to bring
benefit or cause harm. If you reflect on
the situation, you will see that they are
ignorant people, and whoever among
them has any knowledge is one of those
who has sold his religious commitment
in order to attain some fleeting worldly
gain.
Thirdly:
If anyone has fallen into any kind of
temptation with regard to his religious
commitment:
1. Let him hasten to get out of it and
free himself from it completely, by
repenting sincerely to Allah, may He be
exalted, regretting his neglect of his
duty towards Him, and resolving never
to go back to it again.
2. Let him change his environment
for one that is pure and wholesome.
3. Let him call upon his Lord, may He
be exalted – with the utmost sincerity –
and ask Him to save him from that.
4. Let him follow it with righteous
deeds, and do a lot of them, as much as
he can.
Allah, may He be exalted, says
(interpretation of the meaning):
“And perform As-Salât (Iqâmat-as-
Salât), at the two ends of the day and in
some hours of the night [i.e. the five
compulsory Salât (prayers)]. Verily, the
good deeds remove the evil deeds (i.e.
small sins). That is a reminder (an
advice) for the mindful (those who
accept advice).
And be patient; verily, Allâh wastes not
the reward of the good-doers”
[Hood 11:114-115].
5. The individual should have an
honest estimation of how he is faring,
and he should be aware of his
shortcomings and the causes thereof,
and how the Shaytaan was able to gain
control over him. If the cause of his
drifting away was sexual desire, then let
him strive to protect himself by getting
married, and if he is not able to do that,
then let him fast a great deal, for it will
be a shield for him, as the Prophet
(blessings and peace of Allah be upon
him) told us.
An-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on
him) said: What is meant here is that
fasting will reduce sexual desire.
If the temptation has to do with other
desires, or specious arguments, let him
hasten to deal with it and counteract it
with the opposite.
What we have mentioned above are
among the means of protection against
trials and temptations, as the Prophet
(blessings and peace of Allah be upon
him) taught us.
Allah knows Best

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Posted by on December 2, 2016 in Uncategorized

 

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