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Islamic Holy Days And Special Occasions

16 Dec

There is a special day in Islam which
Allaah has singled out for blessings
which are not to be found in any other
days. This day is Friday, to which Allaah
guided the Muslims . It is the weekly
festival of the Muslims, and it has many
special features, some of which i will
describe here:
1 – It was the teaching of the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon
him) to venerate this day, honour it and
single it out for special acts of worship
that belong exclusively to this day. In
Fajr (early morning prayer) on Friday he
used to recite the Soorahs (chapters)
‘Alif-laam-meem tanzeel’ (al-Sajdah, no.
32) and ‘Hal ata ‘ala’l-insaan’ (al-Insaan,
no. 76).
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may
Allaah have mercy on him) said: the
Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah
be upon him) used to recite these two
soorahs in the Fajr prayer on Friday
because they refer to what happened
and will happen on that day, for they
speak of the creation of Adam, the
resurrection and the gathering of
mankind, all of which happened or will
happen on a Friday. So reciting them on
this day is a reminder to his ummah
(nation) of what has happened and what
is yet to come. This is one of the special
features of Friday.
2 – It is mustahabb (recommended) to
send lots of blessings upon the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon
him) on the day of Friday and the night
before, because he said: “Send lots of
blessings upon me on Friday and the
night before.” (Narrated by al-Bayhaqi,
3/249; classed as saheeh (sound) by al-
Arna’oot).
3 – Jumu’ah (Friday) prayers are held on
this day; this is one of the most
strongly-affirmed duties of Islam, and
one of the greatest gatherings of the
Muslims. It is the greatest and most
obligatory gathering in which they come
together, apart from ‘Arafah [a place
near Makkah where the pilgrims stand
and pray during the Hajj or pilgrimage].
Whoever neglects Jumu’ah prayers out
of carelessness, Allaah will place a seal
over his heart. The people of Paradise
will be brought closer (to Allaah) on the
Day of Resurrection and they will see
Allaah sooner, commensurate with how
close they were to the imam on the day
of Jumu’ah and how early they came to
Jumu’ah prayers.
4 – The command to do ghusl (take a
bath for the purpose of purification) on
Friday; this command is most emphatic.
5 – Wearing perfume on Friday; this is
better than wearing perfume on any
other day of the week.
6 – Cleaning the teeth with the siwaak
(tooth stick); this is better than using
the siwaak on any other day.
7 – Going to the prayers early.
8 – Keeping oneself busy with prayer,
dhikr (remembering Allaah) and reading
Qur’aan until the imaam comes out to
give the khutbah (sermon).
9 – Listening attentively to the khutbah,
because listening to it is obligatory
according to the more correct of the
two scholarly opinions. If a person fails
to do that he is engaging in idle talk, and
whoever does that has not prayed
Jumu’ah. In al-Musnad a marfoo’ report
[i.e., a report which is attributed to the
Prophet (peace and blessings be upon
him)] states: “The one who says to his
companion, ‘Be quiet and listen,’ has
not prayed Jumu’ah.” (Narrated by
Ahmad, 2034; classed as hasan by al-
Arna’oot. See Haashiyat Zaad al-Ma’aad,
1/377. Also narrated by al-Bukhaari
(934) and Muslim (851), with the
wording: “If you say to your companion,
‘Be quiet and listen,’ on a Friday when
the imaam is delivering the khutbah,
then you have engaged in idle talk.”)
10 – Reading Soorat al-Kahf (no. 18)
during the day of Friday. It was narrated
that the Prophet (peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever
reads Soorat al-Kahf on a Friday, light
will shine for him from beneath his feet
to the clouds of the sky, which will
shine on him on the Day of
Resurrection, and he will be forgiven
from one Friday to the next.” (Narrated
by al-Haakim, 2/368; classed as saheeh
by al-Arna’oot).
11 – It is a festival which is repeated
every week. Ibn Maajah narrated in his
Sunan that Abu Lubaabah ibn ‘Abd al-
Mundhir said: “The Messenger of Allaah
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon
him) said: ‘Friday is the best and
greatest of days before Allaah, and it is
greater before Allaah than the day of al-
Adha (the Feast of Sacrifice) and the day
of al-Fitr (the Feast of Breaking the
Fast). It has five characteristics: on this
day Allaah created Adam; on this day
Adam came down to earth; on this day
Allaah caused Adam to die; on this day
there is an hour during which no one
asks Allaah for something but He will
grant it to him, so long as he does not
ask for something haraam (forbidden);
and on this day the Hour [i.e., the Day
of Judgement] will begin, so there is no
angel who is close to Allaah, no heaven,
no earth, no wind, no mountain and no
tree that does not feel some
apprehension on Friday.” (Narrated by
Ibn Maajah, 1084. Al-Busayri said: its
isnaad is hasan, and it was classed as
saheeh in Saheeh Abi Dawood, 888).
12 – It is mustahabb (recommended) to
wear the best clothes one has on
Friday. Imaam Ahmad narrated in his
Musnad that Abu Ayyoob said: “I heard
the Messenger of Allaah (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) say,
‘Whoever takes a bath on Friday, puts
on perfume if he has some, wears his
best clothes then goes out , walking in a
dignified manner until he reaches the
mosque, then he prostrates in prayer if
he wants and does not disturb anybody,
then he remains quiet until the imaam
comes out and he prays, that will be an
expiation from one Friday to the
next.’” (Narrated by Ahmad in al-
Musnad, 23059; classed as hasan by al-
Ana’oot).
In Sunan Abi Dawood it is narrated from
‘Abd-Allaah ibn Salaam that he heard
the Messenger of Allaah (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) say on
the minbar (pulpit) one Friday: “There is
nothing wrong with any one of you if he
buys two garments for Friday other than
his work day clothes.” (Narrated by Abu
Dawood, 1078; classed as saheeh by al-
Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood, 953).
13 – It is mustahabb on Fridays to
perfume the mosque with incense.
Sa’eed ibn Mansoor narrated from
Na’eem ibn ‘Abd-Allaah al-Mujmir that
‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab (may Allaah be
pleased with him) commanded him to
perfume the mosque of Madeenah with
incense every Friday until noontime.
This is why Na’eem was called al-Mujmir
(from the word tajmeer meaning
perfuming with incense).
14 – It is a day on which sins are
expiated. In Saheeh al-Bukhaari it is
narrated that Salmaan al-Faarisi said:
“The Messenger of Allaah (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:
‘No man takes a bath on Friday and
purifies himself as much as he can, and
makes his hair tidy, and puts on
perfume, then goes out, and does not
come between two people, then prays
as Allaah decrees for him and listens
attentively when the imaam speaks, but
he will be forgiven for his bad deeds
between this Friday and the other.’” (al-
Bukhaari, 843).
15 – On Friday there is the “hour of
response” which is an hour in which no
Muslim asks Allaah for something but
He will grant it. In al-Saheehayn it is
narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah
be pleased with him) said: “The
Messenger of Allaah (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:
‘On Friday there is an hour in which no
Muslim asks for something whilst he is
standing in prayer, but it will be given
to him” – and he demonstrated the
shortness of that time with his hands.
(Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 883; Muslim,
1406).
16 – On Fridays there is the khutbah
(sermon) which is intended to praise
and glorify Allaah, and to bear witness
to His Oneness and to the
Messengership of His Messenger, and to
remind His slaves of His blessings, to
warn them of His punishment and
wrath, to advise them of that which will
bring them closer to Him and His
Paradise, and to forbid them that which
will bring them closer to His anger and
Hell. This is the purpose behind the
khutbah and of gathering to hear it.
17 – It is the day on which it is
mustahabb to devote oneself to worship
and it has an advantage over other days
by being characterized with all kinds of
worship, obligatory and mustahabb.
Allaah has made for the followers of
each religion a day on which they
devote themselves to worship and
refrain from worldly work. So Friday is a
day of worship, and in relation to other
days it is like Ramadaan in relation to
other months; the “hour of response”
on Friday is like Laylat al-Qadr (the
Night of Decree) in Ramadaan. Hence
whoever gets it right on Friday, his
whole week will be good, and whoever
gets it right in Ramadan, his whole year
will be good, and whoever gets it right
on Hajj, his whole life will be good.
Friday is the measure of the week,
Ramadaan is the measure of the year
and Hajj is the measure of one’s life.
And Allaah is the Source of strength.
19 – It is the day with which Allaah has
exclusively favoured this ummah, and
from which He led the People of the
Book astray before them, as it says in
al-Saheeh, where it is narrated from
Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet (peace
and blessings of Allaah be upon him)
said: “The sun has never risen or set on
any day better than Friday. Allaah
guided us to it and led the people away
from it. The people are behind us in this
respect. It (Friday) is for us, Saturday is
for the Jews and Sunday is for the
Christians.” (Narrated by Ahmad, 10305,
classed as saheeh by Ibn Khuzaymah,
3/114).
20 – It is the day which Allaah chose
from among all the days of the week,
just as He chose Ramadaan from among
the months of the year and Laylat al-
Qadr from among all the nights, and
Makkah from among all places on earth,
and Muhammad from all of mankind.
The Muslims have several special
occasions, such as:
1 – The blessed month of Ramadaan,
which is a month that has special
characteristics.
2 – Eid al-Fitr (the Feast of Breaking the
Fast). This is the first day of the month
of Shawwaal, on which the Muslims
express their joy at the blessing which
Allaah has bestowed upon them by
enabling them to complete the month-
long fast of Ramadaan.
3 – The Day of ‘Arafah, which is the
ninth day of the month of Dhu’l-Hijjah,
the day of the greater Pilgrimage (Hajj),
the greatest pillar of the Hajj..
4 – Eid al-Adha (the Feast of Sacrifice).
The Messenger of Allaah (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:
“The best of days is the Day of
Sacrifice.” This is the tenth day of Dhu’l-
Hijjah. It was narrated that ‘Uqbah ibn
‘Aamir said: “The Messenger of Allaah
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon
him) said: ‘The Day of ‘Arafah, the Day
of Sacrifice and the Days of al-Tashreeq
[the three days following the Day of
Sacrifice] are a festival for us Muslims,
and they are days of eating and
drinking.’” (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 704;
classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in
Saheeh al-Tirmidhi, 620).

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Posted by on December 16, 2016 in Uncategorized

 

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