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Islamic Etiquettes of Seeking Permission To Enter Houses

03 Feb

Directly culled from https://
islamqa.info/en/235658
Praise be to Allah
There are guidelines on seeking
permission to enter which are fixed and
do not change. They include the
following:
-1- Not looking inside the house
before permission to enter is given.
The Prophet (blessings and peace of
Allah be upon him) said: It is not
permissible for a Muslim to look inside
any house until he has been given
permission.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari in
al-Adab al-Mufrad (1093); classed as
saheeh by al-Albaani.
The requirement to seek permission to
enter has been enjoined so as to
prevent looking, as the Prophet
(blessings and peace of Allah be upon
him) said: Seeking permission is
enjoined only so as to prevent looking.”
Narrated by al-Bukhaari (6241).
-2- Saying salaam before asking
permission to enter. It was narrated
that Rib‘i said: A man from Banu ‘Aamir
told us that he asked permission to
enter upon the Prophet (blessings and
peace of Allah be upon him) when he
was in a house. He said: May I get in?
The Prophet (blessings and peace of
Allah be upon him) said to his servant:
“Go out to this man and teach him how
to ask permission to enter. Say to him:
Say: As-salaamu alaykum, may I come
in?” The man heard him and said: As-
salaamu alaykum, may I come in? The
Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be
upon him) gave him permission and he
came in.Narrated by Abu Dawood
(5177); classed as saheeh by al-Albaani.
With regard to the verse in which Allah,
may He be exalted, says (interpretation
of the meaning):
“O you who believe! Enter not houses
other than your own, until you have
asked permission and greeted those in
them; that is better for you, in order
that you may remember”[an-Noor
24:27],
the conjunction “and” does not imply
sequence; perhaps the fact that seeking
permission is mentioned first is to
highlight its importance, and does not
mean that this is to be done first. Al-
Baghawi said in his Tafseer (3/398): The
scholars differed as to whether seeking
permission or greeting should come
first. Some said that seeking permission
should come first, so one should say:
“May I enter? As-salaamu ‘alaykum”,
because Allah, may He be exalted, says,
“until you have asked permission and
greeted those in them.” But the
majority are of the view that the
greeting should come first, so one
should say: As-salaamu ‘alaykum, may I
enter? End quote.
-3- Knocking on the door or ringing
the bell, and so on, take the place of
asking permission verbally, and
opening the door by remote means
takes the place of giving permission, if
the visitor knows that they opened the
door for him.
-4- It is essential to mention one’s
name if the people inside the house
ask who is there. It was narrated that
Jaabir ibn ‘Abdullah (may Allah be
pleased with him) said: I came to the
Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be
upon him) and knocked on the door,
and he said: “Who is there?” I said: It’s
me. And he said: “Me, me?” as if he
disliked that, Narrated by al-Bukhaari
(6250).
hat is because if the one who is seeking
permission to enter says “It’s me,” he is
not properly identifying himself.
-5- It is Sunnah not to stand facing
the door, so that one’s gaze will not
fall upon anything inside the house.
Rather one should stand to one side of
the door, either on the right or left. It
was narrated from Talhah that Huzayl
said: A man came and stood at the door
of the Prophet (blessings and peace of
Allah be upon him), asking permission to
enter, and he stood at the door –
‘Uthmaan said: facing the door. The
Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be
upon him) said: ““(Stand) like this or like
this (i.e., to one side or other of the
door), for seeking permission is
enjoined only so as to prevent looking.”
Narrated by Abu Dawood (5174);
classed as saheeh by al-Albaani. It says
in ‘Awn al-Ma‘bood: That is, he should
step away from the door, and face some
other direction. End quote.
-6- One should seek permission to
enter three times, unless he is
certain or thinks it most likely that
the people inside the house did not
hear him. The Prophet (blessings and
peace of Allah be upon him) said: “If
one of you seeks permission to enter
three times but is not given permission,
let him go back.” Narrated by al-
Bukhaari (6245).
An-Nawawi said in al-Majmoo‘ (4/622):
If he is sure that they did not hear him,
because the place is far away or the
like, then what appears to be the case is
that there is nothing wrong with trying
more than that. The hadith applies to
one who does not think that they did
not hear him. End quote.
-7- If the owner of the house is
known to have given permission or
there is any indication to that effect,
that may be acted upon, such as if he
has opened the door or put a light on.
It was narrated that Ibn Mas‘ood said:
The Messenger of Allah (blessings and
peace of Allah be upon him) said to me:
“Your permission to enter upon me is
when the curtain is raised, or when you
hear me speaking quietly, unless I
forbid you.” Narrated by Muslim (2169).
-8- One should not seek permission
to enter aggressively, or bang on the
door or ring the bell aggressively,
because that is rude and is not
polite . It was narrated that Anas ibn
Maalik said: People used to knock on
the doors of the Prophet (blessings and
peace of Allah be upon him) with their
fingernails. Narrated by al-Bukhaari in
al-Adab al-Mufrad (1080). Classed as
saheeh by al-Albaani.
-9- If a person is not given permission
to enter, he should go back without
getting upset, because Allah, may He
be exalted, says (interpretation of the
meaning):“And if you are asked to go
back, go back, for it is purer for you”[an-
Noor 24:28].
-10- The requirement to seek
permission to enter is waived in
cases of necessity , such as rescuing
someone or preventing an evil when
action cannot be delayed, such as cases
of murder or adultery, or raiding places
of immorality or places where alcohol is
produced.
-11- The requirement to seek
permission to enter is not waived if
the people are not in the house,
because Allah, may He be exalted, says
(interpretation of the meaning): “And if
you find no one therein, still, enter not
until permission has been given” [an-
Noor 24:28].
If the house is being built, then no
permission is required as in the case of
houses that are locked up, because they
do not come under the same protection
and prohibition on looking at what is
inside them. But one should not enter
them if they are surrounded by a fence
and the like. It says in Kashshaaf al-
Qinaa‘ (3/161):
Otherwise it is prohibited to enter the
property of someone else without his
permission, if he is the owner of the
land that has been fenced off, because
that is interfering with the property of
another person without his permission.
Otherwise if it has not been fenced off,
it is permissible to enter without his
permission and without causing damage,
because the fact that he did not fence it
off implies permission. End quote.
-12- Permission from someone other
than the owner of the house is of no
significance, unless it is known
verbally or customarily that the
owner of the house allows him to
give permission, such as a minor when
it is known, explicitly or implicitly, that
his giving permission is acceptable to
the owner of the house. Anas ibn
Maalik was below the age of puberty,
and people would ask him for
permission to enter the house of the
Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace
of Allah be upon him). The Companions
(may Allah be pleased with them) did
likewise with their sons and slaves. End
quote from Tafseer al-Qurtubi (12/220).
-13- The necessity to seek permission
also includes visitors and those who
are invited, unless there is clear
indication of permission to enter, such
as if the door is open or if the envoy
who was sent to invite someone comes
with that invited guest. The Prophet
(blessings and peace of Allah be upon
him) said: “If one of you is invited and
he comes with the envoy who was sent
to invite him, then that is his permission
to enter.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari in al-
Adab al-Mufrad in a chapter entitled:
Chapter: An invitation to a man is
permission to enter (1075). Classed as
saheeh by al-Albaani.
Nevertheless, seeking permission to
enter in this case is preferable. Al-
Haleemi said: Seeking permission to
enter in this case is preferable, because
circumstances may have changed. End
quote from Shu‘ab al-Eemaan
(11/224).Additionally, Al-Haleemi’s view
is supported by the report narrated by
al-Bukhaari (6246) from Abu Hurayrah
(may Allah be pleased with him) who
said: I entered with the Messenger
(blessings and peace of Allah be upon
him) [the house of the Prophet
(blessings and peace of Allah be upon
him)] and he found some milk in a
vessel, so he said: “O Abu Hirr [Abu
Hurayrah], go to Ahl as-Suffah and call
them to me.” So I went to them and
called them, and they came and asked
permission to enter; he gave them
permission and they entered.
-14- If someone enters before being
granted permission to do so, it is
permissible to make him leave. . It
was narrated from Kaladah ibn Hanbal
that Safwaan ibn Umayyah sent him to
the Messenger of Allah (blessings and
peace of Allah be upon him) with some
milk, young gazelle meat and small
cucumbers, when the Prophet (blessings
and peace of Allah be upon him) was in
the upper part of Makkah. I entered but
I did not say salaam. He said: “Go back
and say: ‘As-salaamu ‘alaykum.’”
Narrated by Abu Dawood (5176);
classed as saheeh by al-Albaani.

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Posted by on February 3, 2017 in Uncategorized

 

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